Situated in the northern part of India,bordering with the capital of India New Delhi, Uttar Pradesh is one of the mostpopular and an established tourist destination for both Indians andnon-Indians alike in India.
The most populous state of India, Uttar Pradeshcontains a large number of historical monuments and places of religioussignificance.
Geographically, Uttar Pradesh is very diverse, with Himalayanfoothills in the extreme north and the Gangetic Plain in the centre.
It is alsohome of India's most visited sites, the Taj Mahal, and Hinduism's holiest city,Varanasi.
Kathak, one of the eight forms of Indian classical dances, originatedfrom Uttar Pradesh.
Uttar Pradesh is at the heart of India, hence it is alsoknown as The Heartland of India.
Cuisine of Uttar Pradesh like Awadhi cuisine,Mughlai cuisine, Kumauni cuisine are very famous not only in India but alsomany places abroad.
Uttar Pradesh is known for its richculture and tradition.
It is home to Ayodhya and Mathura birthplace of LordRama and Lord Krishna respectively.
Uttar Pradesh attracts a large number ofboth national and international tourists.
Taj Mahal, one of the NewSeven Wonders of the World in Agra is also located in Uttar Pradesh.
There are different places one can visit in Uttar Pradesh.
Agra, Jhansi, Lucknowand Meerut are historical cities famous for their monuments.
Mathura, Vrindavan,Gokul, Varanasi, Ayodhya and Allahabad are holy cities for Hindus andKushinagar and Sarnath are important Buddhist places among the main fourpilgrimage sites related to the life of Gautama Buddha.
Noida is the mostdeveloped urban city of Uttar Pradesh.
To boost the tourism in the state fromwithin the country and other parts of the world, the Government of UttarPradesh established a 'Uttar Pradesh Heritage Arc' covering the cities ofAgra, Lucknow and Varanasi.
AgraThe 17th century Taj Mahal in Agra is the most popular monument in India,attracting over 2.
5 million visitors per year.
Agra is home to four WorldHeritage Sites in Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Sikandra & the Fatehpur Sikri.
Agra isalso home to many other beautiful Mughal buildings like Akbar's Tomb,Itmad-Ud-Daulah etc.
Dayal Bagh is an under-construction temple that manyvisit.
The lifelike carving in marble is not seen anywhere else in India.
Kumbh Mela Every year thousands gather at Allahabadto take part in the festival on the banks of the Ganges, the Magh Mela.
Thesame festival is organised in a larger scale every 12th year and attractsmillions of people and is called the Kumbha Mela.
Kumbh Mela is the mostsacred of all the pilgrimages.
Thousands of holy men and women attend, and theauspiciousness of the festival is in part attributable to this.
The sadhusare seen clad in saffron sheets with plenty of ashes and powder dabbed ontheir skin per the requirements of ancient traditions.
Some called nangasanyasis or 'Dhigambers' may often be seen without any clothes even in severewinter, generally considered to live an extreme lifestyle.
This tends to attracta lot of western attention as it is seemingly in contrast to a generallyconservative social modesty practised in the country.
Hindu religious sites Millions of tourists and pilgrims visitthe cities of Allahabad, Varanasi, Mathura and Ayodhya, as those areconsidered to be the holiest cities in India.
= Varanasi= Varanasi is widely considered to be thesecond oldest city in the world after Jerusalem.
It is famous for its ghatswhich are populated year round with people who want to take a dip in theholy Ganges River.
Kashi Vishwanath Temple in Varanasi ishome to the Vishwanath Jyotirling temple, which is one of the most sacredof Hindu Temples.
= Mathura-Vrindavan=Birthplace of Lord Krishana.
Both Mathura & Vrindavan have temples devotedto Krishna.
During Holi, a special brand of Holi called the Lath mar Holi isplayed here.
Janmaashtami, the birth of Lord Krishna,is celebrated in the region.
= Ayodhya=Hindus believe the birthplace of Rama to be in Ayodhya at the place called RamJanmabhoomi, the site of the demolished Babri Mosque.
Ayodhya is also the birthplace of five Tirthankars, including the firstTirthankar of Jainism, Shri Rishabh Dev.
He is known as the father of Jainreligion.
The city is also important in the history and heritage of Buddhism inIndia, with several Buddhist temples, monuments and centers of learning havingbeen established here during the age of the Mauryan Empire and the GuptaDynasty.
Ayodhya reached its glorious peak as known to history during thereign of the Guptas over India.
Swaminarayan led the SwaminarayanSampraday sect of Hinduism and lived here during his childhood years.
It wasfrom Ayodhya that Swaminarayan started his seven-year journey across India asNeelkanth.
Tulsidas is said to have begun thewriting of his famous Ramayana poem Shri Ramacharitamanas in Ayodhya in 1574 CE.
Several Tamil Alwar mention the city of Ayodhya.
Ayodhya is also said to be thebirthplace of Bhahubali, Brahmi, Sundari, King Dasaratha, AcharyaPadaliptasurisvarji, King Harishchandra, Shri Rama, Achalbhrata, and the ninthGandhara of Mahavir Swami.
The Atharva Veda called Ayodhya "a citybuilt by gods and being as prosperous as paradise itself".
Buddhist religious sites Uttar Pradesh has many sites which areconnected to Lord Buddha and hence, are sacred to Buddhists.
Sarnath: a place where he held his first public discourse.
Also at Sarnath is theAshoka Pillar with the Lion Capital, is important archaeological artifact withnational significance.
Kushinagar: Where he attainedMahaparinirvana.
Kaushambi: Where Buddha delivered manysermons.
Sankassa: Where he descended afteraddressing his mother in Heaven.
Sravasti: His favorite monsoon resort.
Places of interest Places of interest in Uttar Pradeshinclude: Varanasi – The origin of Hinduism andthe oldest city of the world, also known as City of temples, holy place fordevotees of Lord Shiva, one of the finest Textiles Industry in the world.
Agra – Taj Mahal and several others historical monuments and gardens.
Allahabad or Prayag – Well known for its Kumbh Mela.
The place where Indiannational river Ganges and Yamuna and Saraswati rivers meet.
A mass Hindupilgrimage in which Hindus gather at the Ganges river.
Akbar forts, one of themost popular religious center of ancient and modern India for Hinduism.
UttarPradesh's administrative and education capital.
Kanpur – Uttar Pradesh's commercial and Industrial hub, several historicalplaces from Mughal, British era.
Kanpur Sangrahalaya, a museumLucknow – The capital of Uttar Pradesh, Several historical places Mughal,British and ancient India.
Mathura-The birthplace of Lord Krishnaof Hinduism and Neminath of Jainism.
VrindavanAyodhya – The birthplace of Lord Vishnu's incarnation prabhu Shri Rama.
Jhansi – Historical place, Rani Lakshmibai's battlefield againstBritish, Jhansi Fort Sarnath-Gautama Buddha first taught theDharma, the Buddha as one of the four places of pilgrimage which his devoutfollowers should visit.
The birthplace of Shreyansanath, the eleventh JainTirthankar of the Jainism.
Kushinagar – It is an important Buddhistpilgrimage site, where Gautama Buddha is believed to have attained Parinirvanaafter his death.
Fatehpur Sikri-Historical place forMughal Empire's palaces and forts.
Meerut – The historical place of theSepoy Mutiny of 1857 or the First War of Indian Independence.
Indian Historicalplace from Mahabharata period of ancient India to Modern Uttar Pradesh, India.
Mirzapur Division – The hub of world's finest carpet Industries, and verypopular tourist destination for its natural beauty and one of the fastestgrowing region of Uttar Pradesh.
Ghaziabad – Historical places fromancient India to modern India and India's fastest growing Industrial cityNoida and Greater Noida – IT, Electronics and education hub ofNorthern India.
India's biggest city with planned and highteck residential area.
Gorakhpur – The city was home to Buddhist, Hindu, Muslim, Jain and Sikhsaints.
The birthplace of Paramhansa Yogananda, great Hindu emperorChandragupta Maurya.
Jaunpur – Historical city founded by theSultan of Delhi, Feroz Shah Tughlaq and named in memory of his father, Muhammadbin Tughluq as Jaunpur Sultanate.
Mughals, Lodis and Islamic forts.
Dudhwa National Park – Dudhwa Tiger Reserve, Birds Sanctuary, the uniqueFrog Temple at Oyal, Surat Bhawan Palace, Elephant Rides.
Rehar – Several major tourist attractions can be mentioned in thetown’s surroundings, like Jim Corbett National Park about 24 km, Nainitalabout 69 km Gonda – Mulagandhakuti.
The remains ofBuddha's hut in Jetavana Monastery, Sravasti in Gonda Division andSwaminarayan Chhapaiyā: The village of Chhapaiya is situated at a distance of50 km from the district headquarters.
The chief interest of the place isSwaminarayan temple which marks the birthplace of Swaminarayan, orSahajanand Swami, who was born here on 2 April 1781 as Ghanshyam Pande.
Ghanshyamleft Chhapaiya at the age of 11 to travel to the pilgrimage sites aroundIndia.
He completed his pilgrimage in Western Gujarat, where he assumed theleadership of Swaminarayan Sampradaya.
The very famous Akshardham temples inNew Delhi and in Gandhinagar, Gujarat built by his spiritual successor,Pramukh Swami Maharaj, are both dedicated to him.
His followers considerhim to be a manifestation of the Supreme Godhead.
 There have been many moviesabout the Swaminarayan filmed in this temple in Chhapaiya and in nearby placesin the district.
WildlifeDudhwa National Park is one of the best Tiger reserves in the country.
LakhimpurKheri is home to the Tiger reserve.
In sept 2008, Uttar Pradesh has got anotherTiger Reserve area in Pilibhit named Pilibhit Tiger Reserve.
Some areasrequire a special permit for non-Indians to visit.
There are many other Wild lifeSanctuaries in Uttar Pradesh.
= Wildlife sanctuaries in Uttar Pradesh=Galleries = Agra== Allahabad= = Dudhwa== Fatehpur Sikri= = Lucknow== Mathura-Vrindavan= = Sarnath=Outline of Tourism in India ReferencesExternal links Official Website of Agra maintained byNIC 27.
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010000 Tourism in Uttar Pradesh travel guidefrom Wikivoyage Agra City Guidearun is the main reason.
Why uttarpardesh is famous.